What are the Survival Tactics for Mice During Winter? Find out Whether Mice Hibernate to Avoid the Unfavorable Cold Season
Are you startled by the abnormally high presence of mice in your house during winter? Well, think about what you do to generate warmth during the cold months; rush into your warm home, rub your hands together or even cover yourself with warm clothes, right? When mice encounter similar conditions, they behave the same! They are desperate for warmth and move into homes looking for it. The phenomenon partially explains the sudden increase of mice in your house immediately the winter starts. This article will highlight crucial information aimed at helping you understand the survival tactics of these rodents. Read on to get helpful tips on the best mice management practices during the cold season.
Table of Contents
Do mice hibernate in winter?
Mice do not hibernate during winter; they instead look for pleasant places where they can survive until spring. The extreme temperatures of the season make it quite difficult for these rodents to gather food. The snow and high level of moisture associated with the winter destroy their nests. This scenario increases their zeal to identify an alternative home which explains the massive mice infestation inside the houses.
It is also vital to note that the metabolic activities of these organisms may slow down due to the low temperatures affecting the enzymatic activities of the rodent’s system. The decreased activities are meant to save energy for more crucial activities that are life-sustaining including breathing. This survival tactic is, however, not considered to be hibernation. The normal metabolic and physiological activities of the mice resume immediately they identify and settle in a warmer place.
Unlike some rodents, both house and field mice cannot survive with reduced physiological and metabolic activities for long. Once the limits to accommodate the adjustment are achieved, it’s likely that the mice will die.
The mice’s metabolic activities are largely active during the winter season. As a result, they migrate to homes where they can access food sources with much more ease. Before they identify a conducive environment, they reduce their metabolic and physiological activities to save energy.
This occurrence explains why mice infestation is more rampant during the cold season than during summer. Also, it’s crucial to note that a warmer season precedes the cold winter season. The warm weather is conducive to the reproduction of the mice. As a result, there are numerous mice outside looking for warm shelters and food during winter.
What about field mice?
These mice live in the field and will not visit your house. However, they may seek refuge inside your house during the winter. The unfavorably cold season drives them to look for a conducive environment. They have the ability to significantly reduce their physiological activities which reduces their energy demands and consequently their food intake.
Although they have the potential to reproduce throughout the year, their reproduction cycle peaks during the warmer summer months.
- The adults have a shorter gestation period and give birth to a litter of young mice.
- After 24 hours, they can mate again and give rise to a new litter.
- The cycle leads to the rise of the mice population during the summer.
The problem, however, starts when the warm season falls and the field mice start scampering for warmer spaces and food. Just like the other mice species, they significantly lower their metabolic activities to avoid a shutdown of essential physiological and metabolic activities which would lead to death. Once they identify an ideal settling location, they migrate together with their young ones and infest the house. Home and business owners should be on the lookout to avoid the destruction that can be occasioned by these rodents.
How do mice survive the winter?
Just like all the other animals, mice cannot withstand the freezing temperatures experienced during the winter months. As such, they move to relatively warmer areas. Before identifying the regions to establish their nest, the mice have an inborn mechanism to survive the sudden temperature changes. The most noticeable phenomenon include moving their young ones into holes and other relatively warm regions including under the rocks and caves. This is a tactic to reduce their movements thus preserving the little energy available for life-sustaining activities.
The reduced activities significantly reduce the food demands of the rodents. All this while, the mice are struggling to gain entrance into warmer homes. When they finally identify a conducive home to stay, they develop creative ways to enter the house and establish their nests where they can survive until the next spring. They then collect the young ones and infest the homes.
Where do they live?
Mice live indoors during the winter season. The unfavorable weather makes the mice that ordinarily live in the fields to migrate into the house.
Additionally, they creatively gather seeds and other food sources for use during winter which reduces their movement even when inside your house.
When mice move inside your house to spend the winter
During winter, mice experience numerous challenges in gathering their favorite foods including seeds and grass.
The mice primarily feed on the following food materials:
- Carrion and,
- Other related food stuffs.
More information on their diet and what do mice like to eat can be found here. These food sources become rare during winter which pushes the rodents to move to regions with more food and warmth. This scarcity drives them into areas where there are plenty of food sources including your house.
When they invade your home, they become a nuisance due to their frequent gnawing and rustling noises. Additionally, the rodents pose a threat to the health of your family. As such, you should always ensure that you control them to prevent these adverse effects.
These creatures possess an incredible ability to devise entry routes into your house. They primarily enter through open doors, windows, holes in the roof or house foundation and siding that are larger than 1/4 inch in diameter. Read more about how do mice get in house here.
The mice are primarily active at night, and it’s, therefore, likely that you won’t hear scratching, gnawing and rustling noises. Are mice nocturnal? These rodents have peculiar sleeping habits. They’ve adjusted to allow them gather food when the homeowners retire to their beds.
Mice respond to the beginning of winter by looking for warmer places. As such, it’s likely that there will be a surge in the population of mice in your house. We recommend that you follow the tips given herein to resolve the menace and protect your family from mice-related health hazards.
You can find further details of Mice Control here.