Having voles in your yard or garden is devastating since they’ll always attenuate your desire to have a well-maintained and aesthetically appealing lawn. Their herbivorous nature enables them to destroy plants and trees in your yard as they feed on their bark and roots. Your efforts to eliminate these stubborn rodents are neutralized by their complex habitat since they live in underground burrows. Additionally, they possess an undisputable tunneling ability making it possible for them to destroy your plants and form ugly surface runways in your yard! This article is meant to relieve you of the stress involved in eliminating voles. It offers crucial tips that guarantee a complete removal of the rodents.

How to Kill Voles and Moles

It’s easy for you to confuse voles with moles due to their striking similarities in their physical appearance and destructive habits. You should, however, note that the two creatures possess crucial features that are helpful in differentiating them. The moles are carnivorous and feed on worms, insects, and ants while the voles are herbivorous. This feature makes it easy for you to determine the creature you’re dealing with. If you realize destroyed plants and trees as well as immense runways on the surface of your lawns, then you are experiencing voles’ infestation.

Vole in hands and vole damage

Despite the slight differences, most homeowners apply similar techniques to kill these creatures successfully.

There are two commonly used extermination methods:

  1. Poison Baits

    Poison baitsThese are rodenticides that are designed to interfere with the normal physiological functioning of the voles and the moles leading to death. Different poisons have varying mechanisms of actions such as dehydration, anti-coagulant effects or interference with crucial homeostatic functions which eventually leads to death. It’s paramount that you determine the mode of action of these poison baits before acquiring one from your nearest pesticide stores to establish its efficiency and applicability in your precise location.

    Note!
    Poison baits are hazardous and can cause death. As such, you should be highly cautious when applying them in the presence of children and pets. Ensure that you avoid placing the poison baits near food sources to avoid poisoning cases.
  2. Traps

    If you feel that the use of poison is too risky for your children and pets, you need not worry! You can still apply various vole traps to catch and kill the creatures without exposing yourself to the dangers associated with poisoning.

    You should use the following tips to ensure maximum efficacy when using the traps:

    • Use attractive bait. Ensure that you use bait that will attract the creatures to the trap. One of the most effective bait is the peanut butter which is strategically placed in the trapping device. As they struggle to snatch the baits, the trap will reset and kill them in the process.
    • Study the creatures’ routes. Ensure that you place the traps in a region that is frequented by the voles and the moles. For the voles, you should set it around the runways and the entry to their shallow tunnels. When setting the trap for the moles, you should consider that they mostly live underneath the ground.

Killing moles and voles using poisonous bait is one of the most effective strategies that you can apply both to your lawns and gardens to exterminate the stubborn creatures for good. When choosing the extermination technique, you should ensure that you perform benefits, cost and limitations evaluation to pick the ideal strategy for use in your home. Click here to know how to get rid of voles naturally.

What Poison to Use

Homeowners use several types of poison to exterminate voles from their lawns and gardens. The primary components of these poisonous substances include warfarin and zinc phosphide. The two products have a different mechanism of action; warfarin has anticoagulant properties while the zinc phosphide causes severe irritation, vomiting, liver failure and eventual death.

When rodenticides containing zinc phosphide are used, there are several factors that determine the efficacy of the product including:

  • The acidity levels in the stomach. The compound is highly unstable in an acidic environment which ensures a quick disintegration into phosphine gas which results in pulmonary edema, vomiting, and death. The higher the acidity levels in the stomach, the faster the poison will work to exterminate the voles. If the stomach is empty, the zinc phosphide will be absorbed systemically leading to liver and renal failure. In this case, the death may take a longer period of 5-14 days.
  • The Poison’s Concentration Levels. Most of the rodenticides have between 2% and 5% of zinc phosphide. The higher the concentration, the quicker the extermination process will be. As such, you should ensure that you get a product with the ideal poison concentration to enhance the rate of extermination.

Before purchasing the poison, ensure that you check the manufacturer’s instructions on how to apply, mode of action, risks involved among other factors that may influence the choice of the vole poison applicable at your home. Also visit how to get rid of voles to acquire the right extermination procedures.

Pellets

If you’re experiencing a severe vole infestation, you should consider using vole poison pellets available in most pesticide stores. The pellets are primarily made out of various vole attractants that are solidified with a poison. Most of the substances used include the peanut butter and otherforms of nuts. You should uniformly distribute the pellets in the region affected by the infestation where the voles feed on them leading to their death.

Always wear gloves when applying vole poison!

You should note that these pellets are harmful to wildlife, pets, and children!

MenardsĀ® Store

Menards store supplies a wide range of vole poison that can significantly boost your efforts to eliminate the rodents entirely.

They include:

  • Prozap 112845 Zinc Phosphide Rodenticide Bait
    Price: $13.99
    This product is made out of Zinc Phosphide which kills the voles within hours after ingestion. It has a measuring scoop for ease of application. You should place the bait directly where the voles live and ensure that your children and pet do not access the location.
    Prozap: Mole & Gopher Pelleted Bait
  • Bromethalin whose anticoagulant activity is highly active against voles. It is ideal for use in outdoor and underground environments including lawns and gardens. You should sprinkle the poison in the affected region and keep replacing it with fresh poison at 3 days intervals to enhance efficacy.
    Talpirid

Safe for My Dogs

The toxicity of vole poison depends on the constituent molecules of the specific brands. It’s paramount to note that you should avoid the ingestion of whichever poison by your dogs since all vole poisons are potentially fatal. However, vole poisons made out of warfarin are relatively safer compared to those composed of zinc phosphide. The anticoagulant has the lowest risk of poisoning for non-targets birds and mammals.

Walfarin are Pet SafeThe lethal concentration ideal for eliminating voles is not sufficient to eliminate larger mammals and birds and they would require consuming relatively higher amounts of the poisonous substance to reach fatal level. Also, there is a minimal chance of a secondary kill meaning that if the dog ingests the poisoned vole, it wouldn’t lead to death. Also, warfarin metabolism takes a maximum of 42 hours which implies that by the time the vole dies, the poison in its system is negligible and will not result in any secondary deaths. As such, you should ensure that you purchase a warfarin-based vole poison to guarantee a significant degree of safety for your pets.

Top 3 Best Vole Poisons at Home Depot

Home Depot sells several vole poisons including the following:

  • Kaput Rat Mouse Vole Bait – 60 Place Packs 61110.
    Price: $38.55
    The active ingredient of this product is 0.025% warfarin which is a highly efficient anticoagulant. Before application, ensure that you remove any food sources around your house. Place fresh bait after every 7 days to increase the effectiveness. The product has low toxicity to both the environment and other secondary consumers of the poisoned vole.
    Rat & Mouse Bait by Kaput
  • JT Eaton 166004 709-PN Bait Block Rodenticide
    Price: $45.30
    This product is made out of warfarin as the active ingredient to eliminate voles without exposing your pets to extreme toxicity.
    Rodenticide Bait Block by JT Eaton
  • D-Con Rodent Bait Poison
    Price: $137
    This product is made of an anticoagulant (Brodifacoum). Immediately after ingestion, the voles experience intense internal hemorrhage leading to dehydration and death. You should place fresh baits around the regions of high infestation.
    12 Bait Blocks by d-CON

Vole Poison at Lowes

There are numerous products at Lowes that have the potential to eliminate voles.

They include:

  • Sweeney’s 6-oz Mole & Gopher Poison Peanuts
    Price: $3.95
    This product is made of zinc phosphide which is effective against voles. It has an attractant which ensures that the voles are drawn to the poison further enhancing its efficacy. It has a cone-tip design to ease the application of the bait. Ensure that you keep the poison away from children and pets.
    Kill Moles & Gophers by Sweeney's
  • The Giant Destroyer, 2 oz
    Price: $6.75
    This product is designed to allow the removal of voles from their tunnels, holes, and burrows. You should apply the product directly to the location of the voles which ensures a higher extermination rate.
    The Giant Destroyer
  • Tomcat Grub Worm Formula Mole Killer Bait
    Price: $14.96
    It mimics the natural food of voles which attracts them to the poison. It has the potential to kill the rodents after a single bite.
    Grub formula by Tomcat

What is Actually the Best

There are numerous poisons that you can apply to eliminate voles from your yard and gardens. However, it’s vital to consider several factors before settling for the best product. One of the most important factors to consider is the safety levels of the family and pets. As such, we recommend warfarin-based rodenticides due to the significantly higher levels of safety for your pets while remaining highly effective against the voles.

Kaput instructions

The removal of voles from your lawns and gardens can be a nightmare if you do not apply the right elimination techniques. You should always ensure that you identify the location affected by the rodents and use the right quantities of poison to exterminate them. This article suggests several products with different brands for your consideration. You should weigh the benefits, cost, and limitation of each product and pick the ideal poison for use in your home.

You can find further details of Voles Control here.